Notre-Dame de Paris: Very serious damage that can be repaired

  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/abounaor/public_html/english/sites/all/modules/captcha/captcha.inc on line 61.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/abounaor/public_html/english/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_field::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false) in /home/abounaor/public_html/english/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_field.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of content_handler_field::element_type() should be compatible with views_handler_field::element_type($none_supported = false, $default_empty = false, $inline = false) in /home/abounaor/public_html/english/sites/all/modules/cck/includes/views/handlers/content_handler_field.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_sort::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home/abounaor/public_html/english/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_sort::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /home/abounaor/public_html/english/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_sort::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false) in /home/abounaor/public_html/english/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home/abounaor/public_html/english/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false) in /home/abounaor/public_html/english/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_query::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /home/abounaor/public_html/english/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_query.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_style_default::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/abounaor/public_html/english/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_style_default.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_validate() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_validate(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/abounaor/public_html/english/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/abounaor/public_html/english/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/abounaor/public_html/english/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_field_user::init() should be compatible with views_handler_field::init(&$view, $options) in /home/abounaor/public_html/english/sites/all/modules/views/modules/user/views_handler_field_user.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/abounaor/public_html/english/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/abounaor/public_html/english/sites/all/modules/captcha/captcha.inc on line 61.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home/abounaor/public_html/english/sites/all/modules/captcha/captcha.inc on line 61.

Notre-Dame de Paris: Very serious damage that can be repaired

By Élodie Maurot/ la-croix.com

Charlotte Hubert, chief architect of Historic Monuments, spoke with La Croix's Élodie Maurot.

La Croix: What is the state of Notre-Dame, one month after the fire?
Charlotte Hubert: We are still working on securing the building. The edifice has been covered and is protected from the rain. We have begun to consolidate the north and east wings. At present, we are in the process of finishing the consolidation of the south wing, facing the Seine.

The north tower was saved by the fire fighters. It is stable and secure, but must be restored. The great beams of the transept, dating from the XII century, were covered with soot and dirt but are in good condition.

Our main project now is to find out the state of the high vaults, which filled their role of protecting the interior. The cathedral's interior was not damaged, but the vaults have been weakened by the fire.

We have to check them closely and establish the degree to which they have been damaged.

To do this, we are going to bolster the 21 flying buttresses of the chancel, and then put in place a large platform that will allow us access to the vaults from above.
We will then set up another platform below the vaults to continue the examination, and then begin restoring them.

Securing the building will take us until summer. This phase will be complete when the huge protective cover, which will replace the tarps, is in place above Notre-Dame.

How will the diagnostic examination of the vaults proceed?
We begin this work in parallel by removing and analyzing the debris of the spire and the arch that fell into the nave.

Samples will be collected by a remote control robot, as it is not possible to safely enter the building beneath the high vaults. Samples will be sorted and numbered by archeologists and the Research Laboratory of Ancient Monuments.

We will keep everything, even the very damaged elements. Nothing will be discarded. Each piece in good condition will be restored and put back where it used to be, as is the rule in restoration.

Is there still any risk of collapse?
Our ignorance of the state of the vaults does not allow us to say with certainty at present that everything is stable.

The vaults are all under continuous surveillance by sensors. They are not moving but we cannot guarantee this stability ad vitam æternam. It is still much too early to tell.

How are you working at the site?
We have set ourselves up in Jean-XXIII Square, behind the apse. We have taken over the garden – but obviously with respect for the site. Contrary to a rumor that went around, not a single tree has been cut down.

The DRAC (Regional Direction of Cultural Affairs) Ile-de-France is present onsite, and is managing the project and the services of the Ministry of Culture: architects, archeologists and specialists of the Research Laboratory of Historic Monuments. We are working in close conjunction with the City of Paris.

About 60 people are working with us: masons, stone-cutters, carpenters, roofers, ironworkers, master glassmakers …. Four of us, who are architects in charge of the Historic Monuments (ACMH), are involved. We are used to doing this kind of collegial work on significant projects.

How has your experience of the first month been, with the time limit of five years set by the President and all the debates about the spire?
Everyone was deeply affected by the blaze. That evening, we were all afraid that Notre-Dame would be lost. The monument suffered serious damage, but we can repair it.
Since then, debates about the spire have passed us by. The question of an architectural competition is another issue, which will be addressed later. Then, it will be a matter of knowing what we wish Notre-Dame to record about the fire of April 15 2019.

The time period of five years is short, but it's also a motivator. Our objective is that, in five years' time. Notre-Dame will once again have its silhouette and its roof, and that people will be able to visit with or without the spire at this stage.

In any case, a cathedral is a permanent work in progress. This work can continue in the presence of visitors.

Tue, 05/14/2019 - 12:25
Comment through the site Comment through facebook

Comments

Post new comment

The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly.
CAPTCHA
This question is for testing whether you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.
Image CAPTCHA
Enter the characters shown in the image.